Fridtjof Nansen. A man, a Prince
Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861–13 May 1930) was a great Norwegian polar explorer and a national hero alongside Amundsen. He was an accomplished athlete, scientist, statesman and diplomat. He made the first crossing of the Greenland interior and undertook numerous expeditions to the North Pole from 1893 to 1898 on the “Fram” (a scientific vessel, whose name means “Forward” and for which the Fram Museum is named). After 1896, he turned his attention to studying oceanography. Towards the end of his life, he played a role of huge political significance to his country, devoting himself to the League of Nations as High Commissioner for Refugees. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922 for his humanitarian efforts following the First World War. Nansen passed away on 13 May 1930. Given the importance of his work and the scale of his commitment, the country granted him a state funeral, held a few days later on 17 May.